COVID-19 And INDIA - Compared to other countries, India took quick baby steps like lockdown to keep the pace of coronavirus infection slow. The government's decision to lockdown was praised and also criticized. An analysis of the world's response to the COVID-19 epidemic, with India's entry into the third week of the 21-day lockdown, shows that the world's second most populated country (India) could have done better elsewhere in dealing with it. let's see what did India do to fight against COVID-19 and What didn't?
- Rapidly rising Corona Infections figures in India,
- 21-day lockdown to fight against China virus
- Total 3000+ confirmed cases found till today
Comparing to other countries, India took a quick baby step like lockdown to keep the pace of coronavirus infection slow. When I say quickly, when referring to the declaration of lockdown, it should be seen that the number of positive cases in India and deaths due to the disease were compared to other countries. The decision of the lockdown was praised and criticized both.
India has to fight stronger against COVID-19
Every country has its own way of responding, according to the situation. Just like India, some other countries adopted lockdown, some partial lockdown and some did not lockdown at all. Understanding the situation, planning and execution is the key to win this Chinese Virus war. It doesn't matter what the strategy is? It is important to stick to it and its correct compliance. Free From Coronavirus!!
If we look past diseases strategically, then I think that India would have done better this time if it had created DORS (Disease Outbreak Response System). H5N1, SARS, Ebola, and MERS have taught many lessons to the world's powerful countries in the past to handle such situations.
How a country deals in unison, in a coordinated manner, after the outbreak of a disease is very important.
Let us see what India did not do in the last few days which it should have done.
Effective response systems
Be it the issue of migrant laborers, lack of awareness about the disease, CAA demonstrations, work from home initiatives, panic shopping, ventilators shortage, PPEs (Personal Protective Equipments) Or a propaganda campaign, all of which could have been avoided if there was a solid DORS (Disease Outbreak Response System).
How did the world respond to COVID-19?
As far as the DORS is concerned, it can be seen as involved in the functioning of many organizations. Such as Singapore's Ministry of Health, South Korea's Ministry of Health and Welfare, the European Union's 'Early Warning and Response System' and Germany's "Robert Koch Institute".
Until this week, lockdown had not been done in Singapore, while a large number of cases had come to light. Singapore did well without any nervousness and service breakdown.
South Korea also adopted a less dramatic and more data-focused strategy to quickly identify clusters and focus more on self-testing. South Korea succeeded in turning the curve by adopting this strategy.
Robert Koch Institute in Germany is being praised everywhere for being successful in keeping the death rate in the country. This was possible because Germany has a decentralized setup.
There, according to the suggested framework of the state institute, you can make your own strategy by taking your own decisions.
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How does DORS work?
DORS is a framework that follows a number of steps and several step guidelines to reduce and avoid the effects of infections or diseases. Such systems basically take care of these aspects-
- Study of the spread of disease or infection abroad
- Rate of dispersion
- How will it affect the country concerned?
- What will be the effect on the people of the country?
There are several levels in which guidelines are mentioned. These levels only indicate a reduced or greater severity of infection or disease.
Can DORS be effective in India?
The first three positive cases in India were reported at the very beginning of January or February, since then India had plenty of time for the phased implementation of the lockdown. A drastic decision was taken instead of a sudden lockdown. In which people got only four hours, in which they could reach home from one place to another or do some other important work.
If it had been planned well, the lockdown could have been affected in India much better than now. While many are ignoring the directions of social distancing, the already burdened government machinery is struggling to ensure compliance with the lockdown.
DORS helps government agencies and people understand the seriousness of the situation at any given time.
Effective implementation of DORS helps in better coordination between central and state governments.
It would remove the doubts of agencies and people regarding preparations and action.
Let us look at the link of events in India from the lens of the DORS framework.
Prepared society gives better response
Although India took many steps at different times but these cannot be called standardized implementation. Consider that the current lockdown could have been implemented in an effective and phased manner by giving a short time window if India had already done a hypothetical analysis of events.
This would also ensure that every citizen of the country was better prepared for complete lockdown. Doing the DORS remedy early would help prevent the virus from growing.
Standardized levels of DORS would have allowed states to enforce restrictions based on their local status. Also, it would have been ensured that all the states are at the same level in giving responses to the disease. DORS Frameworks did a good job in the past.
Past experiences from CDC's Rapid Outbreak Response case studies also show that they help reduce the time between detection and end of disease outbreaks.
It should be hoped that lessons for the future should be taken from present experiences.